What is ophthalmology?
Ophthalmology, specialty medical-surgical and optical, treats of the anatomy, physiology and ailments of the eye. Beyond the correction of conventional vision by prescribing glasses or contact lenses, ophthalmology is involved in ocular diseases, the most serious, such as cataract, macular degeneration (AMD), the diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma.
When to see an ophthalmologist?
An ophthalmologic examination is systematic at the age of six months, and then at the entrance to the primary school and college. The doctor ophthalmologist, a specialist accessible without obligatory passage by the attending physician, should be consulted at the onset of visual disturbances, pain, redness and/or eye fatigue. A projection of toxic products or the entire event sudden (lightning bolt, black stain, colours altered.) need an emergency consultation. Without symptoms, it is recommended for people with a family history (hypertension, diabetes, diseases of the eye), to those exposed to the sun and smoking make regular monitoring visits. Three consultations out of ten for vision correction can detect ocular pathology.
Care optical Procedures Performed by the ophthalmologist
With rare exceptions, the ophthalmologist has the particularity to handle alone the great majority of acts related to the diseases of the eyes. Often, the orthoptist (a specialist in rehabilitation ocular) acts as a complement to its specialty. The ophthalmologist performs examinations measuring :
- anomalies of refraction (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism)
- disorders of accommodation (presbyopia),
- ultrasound of the eye,
- angiography retinal diseases (fundus)
- tomograms by optical coherence that reveal by cutting the structures of the eye (the research of tumour, retinal lesions, edema, and macular degeneration).