What is neurology?
Neurology is a medical terminology which deals in the study of the functioning and diseases of the nervous systems – central (brain & spinal cord), peripheral (cranial nerves & nerves of the limbs) and autonomic. This specialty covers a wide field, and treats complex diseases:
- Intellectual functions,
- Control of movements,
- Sensory Perceptions,
Neurologists are therefore generally over-specialized in a specific field: epilepsy, cognitive disorders, sleeping disorders, language disorders, migraine, , neuro-vascular, ophthalmology, psychiatry.
When to consult a Neurologist
If it is the attending physcian who directs most often to the specialist, it is now possible to consult a neurologist directly. He also supports epilepsy, progressive diseases such as Alzheimer disease and Parkinson’s disease, or multiple sclerosis. In the case of pathology-acute – seizures, facial palsy, loss of consciousness, stroke, etc. – patients can be admitted in the emergency neurological hospital.
What tests does a neurologist?
The neurological diagnosis begins with careful listening to the patient and his entourage on the symptoms identified and history. This initial interview helps to direct clinical examination, an important step in the neurological diagnosis, which can determine complementary examinations and to set their emergency:
- C.T Scan,
- Evaluations neuropsychological,
- Lumbar puncture
What is the follow up the neurologist?
The diagnosis and support neurological are constantly evolving with the progress of neuroscience and the accuracy of the tests, particularly with imaging. If there are no curative solutions against Alzheimer’s disease, treatments have proven their effectiveness for other diseases: thrombolysis in stroke, neuro-stimulation deep brain in Parkinson’s disease, treatment of multiple sclerosis, and headache, etc.